After studying the core beliefs in Aqeedah, every legally accountable Muslim must then individually learn everything that they are obligated with and prohibited from in their daily lives. The study of Fiqh helps fulfill this obligation such that one can live their life in line with the intent of the Lawgiver. The science is also known as Fiqh Al-Asghar (the lesser fiqh) and ‘Ilm Al-Furu’ (knowledge of the branches).
Linguistically referring to ‘understanding’, Fiqh technically refers to the study of sacred rulings pertaining to actions of the accountable which are extracted from the detailed evidence (primarily the Quran and Sunnah, as well as ijma’ and qiyas). In terms of priorities, the jurists begin with worship, then commercial law, family law and lastly the judiciary. Classically, students study Fiqh in adherence to a school of thought (madhab) whose texts cater to beginners, intermediate students and inter-madhab comparative encyclopedias.
This course seeks to cover a beginning primer in the Hanbali Madhab, one of the four Sunni jurisprudential schools of thought. From amongst the beginner primers in the school of Imam Ahmad, Bidayatul Abid (Wa Kifayatul Zahid) is a popular first text for latter-day Hanbali students. As its name suggests, the book covers the section on worship only which therefore commences the worshiper and suffices the ascetic. Written by Imam Abdul-Rahman Al-Ba’li, the concise manual covers the relied upon Hanbali positions across the books of purification, ritual prayer, funeral rites, Zakat, Fasting, Hajj and state military law. From amongst the commentaries of this book is Bulugh Al-Qaasid which was also written by Imam Ba’li. Once a student has mastered this text (or an equivalent primer in another school of thought), they can then gradually move onto learning more detailed explanations, the reconciliation of conflicting evidence and the debates between jurists.
Majed Jarrar teaches entrepreneurship at the University of Ottawa, and is currently pursuing a PhD in E-Business. He holds a P.Eng.EIT designation, a Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering from uOttawa, and a Bachelor’s degree with double major in Electronics Engineering and Physics, and a double minor in Mathematics and Computer Science from the American University in Cairo. Aside from all the engineering; He holds Ijaza in Quran (hafs), the nine collections of Hadeeth, and Hanbali Fiqh. His journey for pursuing Islamic studies for the past 14 years has included learning from scholars in Madina, Jordan, Syria, Iraq and Egypt. For many years, he thought about establishing an Islamic studies institution that not only taught traditionally, but also inspired students to give back to their communities, and make them a force for good in their environments. After years of thought and reflection, Majed co-founded Siraj Institute in 2017.
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